Guide to The Hawaiian Islands : Island of Hawaii Travel Planner 2019-2020
For a complete directory of the island of Hawai‘i’s products and services, see pages 56-60. 50 gohawaii.com/island-of-hawaii @islandofhawaii @theislandofhawaii Centuries later, in 1778, Captain Cook arrived, opening the door to an influx of westerners. Only a year later, warriors at the island of Hawai‘i’s Kealakekua Bay killed Cook after a contentious chain of events. During this time, the island of Hawai‘i was divided into separate chiefdoms and war between factions was common. In 1791, Kohala- born Kamehameha united the island and continued to unify all of the Hawaiian Islands. King Kamehameha housed his court on the island of Hawai‘i until 1804 and returned here in 1812 before passing away in 1819. Captain George Vancouver gifted five cattle to Kamehameha in 1788 from whence Parker Ranch, one of the largest cattle ranches in the country, was born. In 1820, missionaries arrived in Historic Kailua Village and other westerners followed. Many different cultures, once foreign to Hawai‘i, came to work the sugar plantations in the 20th century. Today, our island remains rooted in Hawaiian culture while enjoying many traditions brought to our shores by those long ago immigrants. Historical Sites on the Island of Hawai‘i Pu‘uhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park This restored compound on the Kona Coast served as the last place of refuge for kapu (taboo) breakers. Hawaiian temple ruins, fishponds, sacred burial spots and petroglyphs, from the time before Captain Cook’s arrival, are preserved here. Pu‘ukoholā Heiau National Historic Site Built under the rule of Kamehameha I in 1790, this was the last major heiau (religious temple) constructed by Hawaiians. Located in Kawaihae, this is the largest restored heiau in Hawai‘i. Kealakekua Bay A monument here marks the spot where Captain James Cook, who first established European contact with the Hawaiian Islands, was killed in a battle with Native Hawaiians in 1779. Today, this marine life preserve is a great place to snorkel. discover TRAVELING IN DOUBLE-HULLED CANOES AND USING THE STARS, ocean currents, birds and other gifts of nature as their guide, it’s believed that voyagers from the Marquesas Islands in the South Pacific first landed near Kalae, or South Point, over 1,500 years ago. Moku‘aikaua Church Kaloko-Honokōhau King Kamehameha Statue in Kapa‘au BobCoelloCameronBrooksKirkLeeAederTorJohnson HISTORY DISCOVER Kamehameha I State Monument and Statue Hawai‘i’s greatest ali‘i (chief) was believed to have been born at the island’s northern tip sometime in the 1750s. Nearby his birthplace, in Kapa‘au, stands the original King Kamehameha Statue. Thought to be lost at sea, the statue was recovered after a replacement was created. Moku‘aikaua Church Located on Ali‘i Drive in Kailua Village, this is the first Christian Church built in Hawai‘i by the first missionaries to arrive on the islands in 1820. Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park Established in 1978, this park preserves, protects and interprets traditional Native Hawaiian activities and culture, including ki‘i pōhaku (petroglyphs), kahua (housing platforms), hōlua (stone slide) and heiau (place of worship). It also has portions of four different ahupua‘a (traditional ocean-to-mountain land divisions).